Canepina is only 12 km from the provincial capital and is the highest peak of the Cimini; its name Canapina, later transformed into the current name, derives from a widespread activity in the Middle Ages: the cultivation of hemp for both textile and food purposes. The territory is mainly covered with fruit chestnut trees, but there is no shortage of hazelnut and olive trees. Another important resource of the country are the many waterways among which the Ripa ditch, which runs through Canepina. The history of the town begins around the 11th century, when the powerful Di Vico family had a castle built, now known as Castello Anguillara, on a cliff that was inaccessible, to watch over enemy attacks from the Tiber plain. Walking through the streets of the town, one immediately realizes the wealth of monuments and churches dating back to the Middle Ages; as far as nature is concerned, the chestnut grove is very important, especially in autumn, when covered with a mantle of leaves it is illuminated by the sunlight that filters through the trees. The town built in medieval times, has many characteristic features that make it unique within the province and not only, to distinguish it is the very particular dialect, their typical cuisine with an irresistible taste, just think of the traditional dish of excellence known and nationally appreciated, the Fieno, an ancient pasta that exists since the 1600s and the inevitable production of chestnuts and Marroni, among which the famous Marrone Fiorentino stands out.
A country rich in history and traditions that of Canepina, which emerges from the thick chestnut woods of the Cimini Mountains.